See Article History. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Learn more. Read More on This Topic. During the next few years, Gershwin contributed songs to various Broadway shows and revues. From to he composed scores for the Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Party Guest uncredited LeRoi Antoine Bootblack uncredited Clarence Badger Jr.
Song Plugger uncredited Lynn Baggett Guest uncredited Elsa Bassermann Guest uncredited Oliver Blake Painter uncredited Caroline Burke Party Guest uncredited Henry Busse Henry Busse uncredited Gower Champion Tap Dancer at Remick's uncredited Jack Chefe Headwaiter uncredited Armand Cortes Hotel Clerk uncredited Paul Cristo Party Guest uncredited Oliver Cross Party Guest uncredited Bernard DeRoux Porter uncredited John Dilson Music Critic uncredited Dante DiPaolo Porter uncredited Jay Eaton Party Guest uncredited Adolph Faylauer Party Guest uncredited Bess Flowers Guest at Party uncredited Al Gallodoro Clarinetist uncredited William Gillespie Porgy uncredited Jesse Graves Coachman uncredited Kate Harrington Music Teacher uncredited Edward Harvey Scott plays herself in the film, performing in a Paris nightclub.
Irving Rapper felt it was "a rambling story, a little too sentimental at times, although written by some wonderful people, mainly Clifford Odets with far, far too much music.
Rapper wanted Tyrone Power to play the lead but had to use Robert Alda. The director says apart from Alda's casting he was happy with the film. Contemporary reviews praised the music but had more mixed opinions about the plot. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called the film a "standard biography," explaining: "There is never any true clarification of what makes the gentleman run, no interior grasp of his nature, no dramatic continuity to his life.
The whole thing unfolds in fleeting episodes, with characters viewing the genius with anxiety or awe, and the progression is not helped by many obvious and telescoping cuts. Throughout, the brilliant music of Mr. She has no courage to own up to the accident and so tries her best to be a better person to Yirou and Doudou to make up for it.
Ziyuan also helps out by giving Doudou music therapy. Under his guidance and care, Doudou begins to open up about her hatred for Yirou. Ziyuan tries his best to let Doudou see the many things her guardian does for her behind her back. When Alice stumbles upon the truth, she vents her frustrations on her maid, Timmi, with an iron. A scalded Timmi runs off to the police and Alice was arrested for maid abuse.
The piece is characterized by strong motivic interrelatedness. Much of the motivic material is introduced in the first 14 measures. David Schiff identifies five major themes plus a sixth "tag". Two of the remaining three themes are rhythmically related to the very first theme in measure 2, which is sometimes called the Glissando theme after the opening glissando in the clarinet solo or the Ritornello theme. The remaining theme is the Train theme, which is the first to appear at rehearsal 9 after the opening material.
All of the themes rely on the blues scale , which includes lowered sevenths and a mixture of major and minor thirds. Each theme appears both in orchestrated form and as a piano solo.
There are considerable differences in the style of presentation of each theme. The harmonic structure of the rhapsody is more difficult to analyze. Modulation through the circle of fifths in the reverse direction inverts classical tonal relationships, but does not abandon them.
The entire middle section resides primarily in C major, with forays into G major the dominant relation. Modulations occur freely and easily, though not always with harmonic direction. Gershwin frequently uses a recursive harmonic progression of minor thirds to give the illusion of motion when in fact a passage does not change key from beginning to end.
Modulation by thirds was a common element of Tin Pan Alley music. The influences of jazz and other contemporary styles are certainly present in Rhapsody in Blue. Ragtime rhythms are abundant, as is the Cuban " clave " rhythm, which doubles as a dance rhythm in the Charleston jazz dance. Gershwin's own intentions were to correct the belief that jazz had to be played strictly in time so that one could dance to it. The clearest influence of jazz is the use of blue notes , and the exploration of their half-step relationship plays a key role in the rhapsody.
Gershwin incorporated several different piano styles into the work. He utilized the techniques of stride piano , novelty piano , comic piano, and the song-plugger piano style. Stride piano's rhythmic and improvisational style is evident in the "agitato e misterioso" section, which begins four bars after rehearsal 33, as well as in other sections, many of which include the orchestra. Novelty piano can be heard at rehearsal 9 with the revelation of the Train theme.
The hesitations and light-hearted style of comic piano, a vaudeville approach to piano made well known by Chico Marx and Jimmy Durante , are evident at rehearsal Rhapsody in Blue has been interpreted as a musical portrait of New York City; it is used in this context in a segment in the Walt Disney Pictures animated film Fantasia , in which the piece is used as the lyrical framing for a stylized animation set drawn in the style of famed illustrator Al Hirschfeld.
Brian Wilson , leader of The Beach Boys , has said on several occasions that Rhapsody in Blue is one of his favorite pieces. He first heard it when he was two years old, and recalls that he "loved" it. According to biographer Peter Ames Carlin , it was an influence on his Smile album. Rhapsody in Blue was played simultaneously by 84 pianists at the opening ceremony of the Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Rhapsody in Blue inspired a collaboration between blind savant British pianist Derek Paravicini and composer Matthew King on a new concerto, called Blue premiered at the South Bank Centre in London in On September 22, , it was announced that a musicological critical edition of the full orchestral score will be eventually released.
The Gershwin family, working in conjunction with the Library of Congress and the University of Michigan , are working to make these scores available to the public. Rhapsody in Blue entered the public domain on January 1, , although individual recordings of it may remain under copyright.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Rhapsodie in blue. For other uses, see Rhapsody in Blue disambiguation. Bandleader Paul Whiteman first and composer George Gershwin second.George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue - Arranged for 2 Pianos, 4 Hands. by Brendan Fox and George Gershwin | Jan 1, Paperback $ $ Get it as soon as Thu, Sep FREE Shipping on your first order shipped by Amazon. Only 8 left in stock (more on the way). More Buying.