His strophic masterpiece "Your eyelashes shine" is a typical example of his art. It consists of just three short couplets, each sung twice to the same melodic phrase, with clauses reversed for the second time and with a single instrumental phrase interspersed between them. As the years pass, his towering contribution to Greek music emerges.
All other Greek composers, of his time and afterwards, revere him as their master teacher and Mikis Theodorakis remarked: "We all, are branches of a tree. Markos is that tree". At the age of 2 lost his father and 7 years later he lived the Asia Minor Catastrophe.
Later moved with his mother and grandmother in Samothrace and finally moved to Piraeus. First appeared professionally alongside with Marco Vamvakari and Stelios Keromyti.
Generally his songs characterised by a mixture of "kantada", "mpallo" and from "Mikra-Asia sounds". He is considered as the first in the popular "rebetiko" song who used in the recordings of the so-called "Primo Secondo" Difonia. He died on August 3, at the age of 58 in a road accident in Athens and was buried in the cemetery in Kallithea. Vassilis Tsitsanis was a Greek songwriter and bouzouki player. He became one of the leading Greek composers of his time and is widely regarded as one of the founders of modern Rebetika.
Tsitsanis wrote more than songs and is still remembered as an extraordinary bouzouki player. He was born in Trikala on January 18, From a young age, Tsitsanis was interested in music and learnt to play the mandolin, violin and the bouzouki which were the mainstay of so many of his songs. In he left for Athens to study Law, and by , had made his first musical recording. In he moved to Thessaloniki, where he served his military service and stayed there for about 10 years, during the German occupation of Greece.
There he became famous and wrote many of his best songs that were later recorded after the end of the War. By the shut-down of the Record Companies from the German occupation Forces in , he had already recorded about of his own songs and played on many recordings of other composers.
In , Tsitsanis returned to Athens and began recording many of his own compositions that made famous many of the singers that worked with him, such as Sotiria Bellou, Marika Ninou and Prodromos Tsaousakis. Tsitsanis died at the Royal Brompton Hospital in London following a lung operation, on January 18, on his sixty-ninth birthday. He was mourned across Greece, where his music is still enjoyed to this day and he is regarded as a legend of rebetiko music.
He was born in Piraeus in and when was 6 month old baby left blind all his life! He learned to play violin, piano, guitar, bouzouki, baglama, mandolin and lute mandola. He was was a master of all these instruments.
From 12 years old, he began working with his brother Panagiotis in cinemas those years were silent movies , played the background music. In he collaborated with Stelios Foustalierakis Foustalieris who were in Piraeus. His first involvement in folk band was in , while in make his first songs. From the period was a conductor. He wrote many songs, rebetika, folk, which became big hits. For a long time he worked with the Salonikios, who was one of the greatest musicians of that time period.
He died in at the age of 54 years. For decades in the market was not a disc with his songs. Although he left a considerable number of songs, there are few who know him or who want to be remembered. Fortunately, solutions gave the Greek Recording Archive, where Panagiotis Kounadis published 3 collections with 46 compositions and also biographical details. Prodromos Tsaounakis whose real surname was Moutafoglou was born in Constantinople in and died on 23 of October in He was married to Anna Kadoglou and has 2 sons.
He had a bright career with many albums being released and many cooperations. He was also a founder of Performance School of Folk Song. A pure legend who composed and sung hundreds of songs. He studied piano at the Greek Conservatory and since composes.
In enters the National Broadcasting Corporation to create light orchestra. He had written the music for more than films, songs, documentaries, theatrical and musical performances. Also had many orchestrations and remixes. He took part in many festivals including in Spain , Brazil and , Chile and Russia and He was honoured with a Gold Medal at the Song Festival of Brazil , winner of the better music to the film "Hands" Thessaloniki , special awards for the music of the films "The Panic" , "Alexander the Great in History and legend " Thessaloniki In he made the disk "Alexia interprets the classic" with Greek jazz songs from the 20's through the 60's.
The album was recorded with the Bulgarian Symphony Orchestra and became triple platinum in Greece and Cyprus. He died on July 4, from health problems. Was very well known folk musician and songwriter.
It came in Piraeus and was originally a barber until the period of the Occupation Later he stayed in America for many years working in various shops. He returned many years after and settled in Avlaki Athens Attica continuing to compose in old rebetiko "style". He died in of cancer in California. He born in and died in At the age of 9 he learn mandolin lessons in Volos with flutist Sp.
Mango, then he went to Athens and studied theory with Th. Vavagianni and higher theory with K. Kydoniatis at the Athens Conservatory. In he was appointed professor at the School of the National Conservatory guitar and completed his education in Chigiana Academy of Siena, making guitar with Andre's Segovia and "vichouela" with Emilio Pujol In July , he married Eugenia Gyftopoulou.
He has given hundreds of concerts in Greece and in many foreign countries Europe, the former S. She also worked with Hatzidakis, Xarchakos and Theodorakis. He wrote more than works transcripts, suites, dances etc and played in many movies and thousands of disks. He was the only guitarist from around the world that has given recitals at Epidaurus and the first in Greece that students appeared in a group show He was a member of the National Council of Music, also served as president of the Association of Conservatories Qualified Teachers In , he was awarded with the title of "Master" from A.
He was born on March 21, in Thessaloniki and died on March 20, He started to play first Violin and eventually moved on, to the Guitar and the Bouzouki. He was from his first steps recognised as a great talent. He began his stage and recording career in at age of By the shut down of the record companies in Greece, because of the German Occupation, he was already one of the major musicians and played Bouzouki and Guitar in many recordings besides his own.
His career took off after the German Occupation. Chiotis is well-known as an incredible virtuoso on both the Bouzouki and the Guitar. He is considered one of the greatest bouzouki soloists of all time. He invented the four-course bouzouki tetrachordo and introduced the guitar-like tuning, who found it better suited to the kind of virtuoso playing.
He was married three times. His first wife was Zoe Nahe, his second and most well-known marriage to Mary Linda who sung together many of his hits and the third to Beba Kyriakidou. Born in Istanbul in February and died on November 22, He studied piano and music theory and graduate from the Scholarships , where he went to Germany continuing his studies in the city of Freiburg where he received a bachelor conductor.
Two years later was a music professor at the Higher School of Music in Freiburg. In he participated in the International Music Competition in Hamburg. He wrote many kinds of music such as classical, opera, music for theatre and films and the music composition of many Greek songs of the s and s.
Giorgos Zambetas, Greek music composer, was born in Metaxourgio of Athens, on the 25th of January , singer and one of the most greatest and charismatic bouzouki artist of all time. He was only 6 years old when he picked up his first bouzouki.
At that time his father had the bouzouki hanging on the wall of his barber shop and the young Zambetas had to stand on a stool in order to reach the instrument. In , as a seven year old first grader, he won his first Price, playing his first song in a school competition.
Zambetas quickly became renowned for his bouzouki playing skills. He composed his first song in and it was titled "San Simera".
He was one of the most recognised Greek musicians of all times, working in the Greek cinema of those years with stars such as Aliki Vouyouklaki, where members of his own family, also his first cousin Anargyros who worked together with Aliki to train her vocally. He appeared in many Greek film productions and his compositions used in many such as "Siko Horepse Sirtaki".
He became very seriously ill in the winter of His doctor told his relatives that he was going to pass away given that he had smoked. Since his early years he loved music and learned to play instruments like the guitar, Hawaiian guitar, harmonica and bouzouki and also a little singing. First as an amateur singer, then as a professional in the early s, at a time where the music stage was dominated by artists like Stratos Payioumtzis, Prodromos Tsaousakis, Stelios Kazantzidis, Grigoris Bithikotsis and many more.
Meimaris and C. He remained in the spotlight for more than 40 years. He formed successful duets with female singers Voula Gika and Ria Kourti.
His duet with Ria Kourti lasted from to and remains to date the longest lasting duet in Greek music. He also formed the two recording companies: Vendetta in and Sonata in From to , Panos Gavalas recorded more 1, songs. During these years, he appeared in 25 movies and toured extensively to Europe, Australia and the United States.
He died the morning of Saturday, December 3, He was born in Heliopolis Egypt, of Greek parents. He was educated at the English School in Alexandria and he took his first piano lessons from various teachers and from the important Greek pianist Gina Bachauer.
During that time he also studied music with Hans Redlich and in travelled to Rome to study orchestration with Angelo Francesco Lavagnino. He briefly attended lectures by Carl Jung in Zurich. In he returned to Alexandria where he married Theresia Horemi in He died on his 44th birthday in a car accident in Athens, Greece. Christou's work is divided into three periods. The works of the first period have been described by Christou himself as freely. In his second phase developed what he called "meta-serialism" whose main emphasis is on polyphony, rhythmic dynamism and instrumental colours.
During his third period developed his own notation and he increasingly stressed the improvisatory element. Mikis Theodorakis is one of the most popular Greek composers. He was born July 29, on the Greek island of Chios and spent his childhood years in different provincial Greek cities such as Mytilene, Cephallonia, Patras, Pyrgos and Tripoli.
His father was a lawyer and a civil servant from the small village of Kato Galatas in Crete and his mother Aspasia Poulakis was from an ethnically Greek family in Cesme, in what is today Turkey. He was raised with Greek folk music and was influenced by Byzantine liturgy. As a child he had already talked about becoming a composer and taught himself to write his first songs without access to musical instruments.
In Patras and Pyrgos he took his first music lessons and in Tripoli Peloponnese he gave his first concert at the age of During the Greek Civil War he was arrested sent into exile on the island of Icaria and then deported to the island of Makronisos where he was tortured and twice buried alive.
During the periods when he was not obliged to hide, not exiled or jailed, he studied from to at the Athens Conservatoire under Filoktitis Economidis. He went to Crete and became the "head of the Chania Music School" and founded his first orchestra. At this time he ended what he has called the first period of his musical writing.
In he travelled to Paris where he entered the Conservatory and studied musical analysis under Olivier Messiaen and conducting under Eugene Bigot.
His time in Paris, —, was his second period of musical writing. His symphonic works: a Piano concerto, his first suite, his first symphony and his scores for the ballet: Greek Carnival, Le Feu aux Poudres, Les Amants de Teruel, received international acclaim. His first international scores for the film Ill Met by Moonlight and Luna de Miel were also very successful.
The Honeymoon title song became part of the repertoire of The Beatles. In , returned to Greece and his roots in genuine Greek music. With his song cycle Epitaphios he started the third period of his composing and contributed to a cultural revolution in his country. He attempted to give back to Greek music a dignity which in his perception it had lost. He developed his concept of "meta symphonic music" symphonic compositions that go beyond the "classical" status and mix symphonic elements with popular songs, Western symphonic orchestra and Greek popular instruments.
After the assassination of Gregoris Lambrakis in May he founded the Lambrakis Democratic Youth "Lambrakides" and was elected its president. Under Theodorakis's impetus, it started a vast cultural renaissance movement and became the greatest political organisation in Greece with more than Following the elections became a member of the Greek Parliament associated with the left-wing party EDA.
Because of his political ideas the composer was black-listed by the cultural establishment. At the time of his biggest artistic glory, a large number of his songs were censored-before-studio or were not allowed on the radio stations. During , he wrote the music for the Michael Cacoyiannis film Zorba the Greek whose main theme since then exists as a trademark for Greece.
It is also known as 'Syrtaki dance' inspired from old Cretan traditional dances. On 21 April a right-wing junta the Regime of the Colonels took power in a putsch.
Theodorakis went underground was arrested on 21 August and jailed for five months. Following his release in , he was banished to Zatouna with his wife Myrto and their two children Margarita and George. Later he was interned in the concentration camp of Oropos. His flight left very secretly from a Onassis owned private airport outside Athens. Theodorakis was immediately hospitalised because he suffered from lung tuberculosis. Theodorakis wife Myrto and two sons joined him a week later from Greece to France via Italy by a boat.
While in exile, Theodorakis fought for the overthrow of the colonels. He started his world tours and gave thousands of concerts on all continents as part of his struggle for the restoration of democracy in Greece. For millions of people, Theodorakis was the symbol of resistance against the Greek dictatorship.
After the fall of the Colonels returned to Greece on 24 July to continue his work and his concert tours. At the same time he participated in public affairs. His proposal for the unification of the three parties of the former United Left — which had grown out of the National Liberation Front N.
After his resignation as a member of Greek parliament he was appointed General Musical Director of the Choir and the two Orchestras of the Hellenic State Radio ERT which he reorganised and undertook successful concert tours abroad. From had started the fourth period of his musical writing, during which he returned to the symphonic music, while still going on to compose song-cycles. His most significant works written in these years are his Second, Third, Fourth and Seventh Symphony, most of them being first performed in the former German Democratic Republic between and It was during this period that he received the Lenin Peace Price.
During this period, he also wrote the five volumes of his autobiography: The Ways of the Archangel. In , he started the fifth period, the last, of his musical writing. He composed three operas lyric tragedies Medea, first performed in Bilbao 1 October , Elektra, first performed in Luxembourg 2 May and Antigone, first performed in Athens' Megaron Moussikis 7 October This trilogy was complemented by his last opera Lysistrata, first performed in Athens 14 April : a call for peace Now he lives in retirement, reading, writing, publishing arrangements of his scores, texts about culture and politics.
In , achieved the distinction of producing one of the largest works by any composer of any time. Manos Hadzidakis was born on 23 October in Xanthi. From the age of 4 he started studying the piano and he learnt also to play violin and accordion.
After the separation of his parents moved permanently to Athens in with his mother. A few years later in his father died in an aircraft accident. This event in combination with the beginning of World War II, brought the family into a difficult financial situation. The young Manos earned his livelihood as a docker at the port, an ice seller at the Fix factory, an employee in a photography shop and as an assistant nurse at the Military Hospital.
At the same time, he expanded his musical knowledge by studying advanced music theory with Menelaos Pallandios which was one of the most signifying shapes of the Greek national music school. One of his schoolmates was Mikis Theodorakis. However he never completed this course.
During this period, he met and connected with other musicians, writers and intellectuals. During the last period of the Axis occupation of Greece, he was an active participant in the Greek Resistance through membership of the United Panhellenic Organization of Youth EPON , where he met Mikis Theodorakis with whom he soon developed a strong friendship.
In he reinstated in seasonality songs from "rebetika" with the excellent lecture in the Theatre of Mousouri. In with Rallou Manou and with the painter Spiros Vassilliou established the Greek Ballet and introduced his four ballets: Marsias , Six folk paints , The cursed snake and Desert In with another range of lectures whose the subject was the contemporary and classical composers he exposed Koplant, Prokopief, Sostakovits, Menoti and others which where unknown that period to the Greek audience which had been isolated due to the second World War and to the difficult after war conditions.
From parallel with the theatre, composed music for 80 Greek and foreign movies: Stella , The dragon , America - America , Blue and for 2 documentaries by Zak Kousto. In , Hatzidakis met Nana Mouskouri, his first "ideal interpreter", a skilled vocalist who shaped the sounds of his music.
The score was also used later by Maurice Bejart's 20th Century Ballets. He also wrote the music for a song which Arthur Altman added English lyrics to and gave to Brenda Lee.
The song was "All Alone Am I". He did not return to Greece until due to his opposition to Greece's military dictatorship. In New York he wrote his most signifying works: Rythmology work for the piano , The Big Erotic a circle of songs based on poems by ancient and new poets and many others.
He returned to Greece in and recorded Magnus Eroticus with singer Fleury Dantonaki an opera-trained alto and singer Dimitris Psarianos. In he launched his own record company "Seirios" Sirius. In he helped Foivos Delivorias get started in his singing career. In he founded and directed the Orchestra of Colours Orchestra ton Chromaton a small symphonic orchestra.
He had a multilateral and multidimensional personality, except for the synthesis he had many others artistic activities: he established and managed the Experimental Orchestra of Athens , The Ingenious a music cafe in Plaka where he presented his works and the works by new people, The musical August in Irakleio of Crete Festival , The musical races in Corfu , The Fourth cultural magazine , the record Company of Seirios There he accomplished his vision, in the next five years he managed to attract the attention of a big audience something very difficult for such a station, also managed to create expressive islands of civilisation.
He published four books with poems and comments of his: Mythology, Second Mythology, The comments of the third, The mirror and the knife.
He died on 15 June in Athens at the age of 68, from acute "pulmonary edema" and in the City of Athens dedicated Technopolis in his memory. He constituted unquestionable one of the most important Greek composers.
He is a multi award winning Greek composer and considered as one of the most popular Greek composers of our time. Aside from being a great musician is also a chemistry graduate. In the 50s, he did his doctoral dissertation at Cornell University in New York on the protein "myelin" which believed to be important in the process of "myelination" of nerves in the central nervous system CNS whose reduction of which is directly associated with Muscular Dystrophy MS.
In , as a young pianist in the U. The following year was recognised as the fifth best pianist in the U. He has repeatedly earned Gold and Platinum records, i. With maturity and wisdom he continues composing, performing and inspiring musicians of all ages throughout Europe and now in New York. Mimis Plessas is a gifted musician with a rare energy and zeal that is evident in all of his passionate artistic work and concert appearances.
Nikos Mamangakis was born in Rethymno, Crete and died of cancer on July 24, He attended lessons at the Greek Conservatory of Athens. He continued studying musical composition with Carl Orff and H. He received various scholarships from the Greek government, the Supreme Music Academy of Munich and the city of Berlin.
He follows an advanced musical path, based in part on elements of traditional Greek heritage, but with many personal traits in regards to structuring the sound. We can definitely see this in accomplished compositions such as "Music for 4 protagonists" for 4 voices and 10 instruments, based on text by Kazantzakis, "Constructions" for flute and percussion , "Combinations" for percussion and orchestra, "Lingual symbols" for soprano, bass and large orchestra, "Cassandra" for soprano and 6 instruments He also wrote a significant "Cycle of numbers": Number 1 is the "Monologue" for solo cello , 2nd award in A.
Also the "spectacle-Acroama" for voice, actors, instruments , the "Scenario for 2 improvisational art critics" for voice, instruments and magnetic tapes , "Antinomies" for soprano, flute, 9 instruments and small chorus , "Bacchae", an electronic ballet , "Performance" for voice, flutes and tape, the "Exercise" for cello solo , the "Summary" for flute , the one-act folk opera "Erofili" , the "Mourning" for the remembrance of Yannis Christou for solo guitar, the "Encomium for Nikos Skalkota" for solo clarinet He has written chamber music, theatre-cinema and TV music, operas, electronic music, pieces for orchestra and solo instruments and of course song cycles which have now been upgraded as has most of his work and distributed by "IDAIA" music industry, In he wrote "Kikeonas" Muddle in English which was commissioned for the Munich Olympic Games.
Mamangakis confronted and participated in the radical and rigid music of our time on the one hand and on the other in the more popular and easy-on-the-ear music, combining the two in an unusual way. He doesn't see any contradiction in composing for both forms, letting one run into the other from time to time.
His involvement in TV and film music was focused more in West Germany. It was a 56 hour film, the biggest movie of all times, with over 20 hours of music. An amazing task, considering its size. The premiere was held at the Munich Opera in His personal vivid originality makes Mamangakis distinguished among the greatest composers not only in Greece but worldwide.
During the difficult years of the occupation was trying to survive by selling cigarettes and doing various jobs while was initiated by his older brother Evangelos and his friend Lefteris Efstathiadis the world of music and instruments. From 9 years old starts playing mandolin and guitar.
In , as rising talent, he sings and plays guitar with his brother and sister. In Akis Panos will do something unique for the global market. He released approximately songs alone and worked with the greatest artists of Greek pentagram. Akis Panos married twice, in with Ceres and with Anna with whom he had four children, Freedom , Stephen and the twin Athanasios-Dimitrios Evangelos In he decided to settle with his family in Xanthi.
In August Akis Panos kills his friend's daughter Liberty and send to prison. From the prison of Komotini will be transferred to prison Korydallo in Athens and immediately after to the Tzaneio hospital where he diagnosed as suffering from cancer.
The winter of will be released due to irreversible damage to health. He passed away on April 7, George Katsaros is a famous Greek musician, songwriter, composer, conductor and saxophonist alto , born on 7 March in Corfu.
Numerous compositions have been performed since when he first started in theatre, film, radio and television as well as many music albums. He has made a variety of recordings, collaborating amongst others with Greek musical composers, such as Yannis Theodoridis and Mimis Plessas.
He has also taken part in Eurovision Song Contest as a composer and conductor and member of many committees artistic emergence of new artists. He was conductor of the National Radio Foundation during the period of the Colonels.
Today, he is the art director of the Municipal Symphonic Orchestra of Athens. He also speaks French and is a resident of Athens Paleo Faliro.
His son, Antonis Katsaros is a journalist of "Sports Sunday. Lefteris Papadopoulos is a Greek lyricist, poet and journalist. He was born in Athens, Greece in He started studying at the Law School of the University of Athens but he stopped during the third year in order to work as a journalist.
Since , he has worked in the newspaper "Ta Nea" and has become one of the best known article-writers at the paper during the last 25 years. He became involved in songs and music in He wrote the lyrics for about 1, songs. In , he wrote the lyrics for "O Dromos" music by Mimis Plessas which became the fastest selling Greek album. From all the co-operations that Papadopoulos had with Greek composers, the one with Manos Loizos, with whom he was a personal friend, should be considered as of particular importance.
Some of the most beautiful and well-known Greek songs from to have lyrics written by Papadopoulos. He also wrote some books about Greek music; such as the one about the lyricist Eftichia Papagianopoulou.
He has presented various programmes about Greek Music on television. He is married to director Raea Mouzenidou and has a son, a daughter as well as two grandchildren. Kostas Hatzis born August 13, in Livadia, a city in central Greece. He is a Romani singer-songwriter, musician, one of the most significant composers in the Greek social song and the one who has substantially imposed the "voice-guitar" style, and for the first time he made ballads with social messages heard.
Therefore, it didn't take him long to follow his family's steps. When he was sixteen years old, his father used to take him with him and he sang in weddings and christenings and in any other event, in which "demotic", mainly, music was necessary.
After a five-year itinerary in the country, he moved to Athens in , and started recording in , while he became popular until the mids with the Greek New Wave movement in Greek music. At the end of that decade, in one of his tours, visits United States for concerts to the expatriate Greeks. It is worth noting that his fame as a singer for the peace has reached the White House and the then US President, Jimmy Carter invites him and congratulate him.
He is one of the only Greek artists who have been invited and congratulated for their morality and their work by a U. He was born on October 22, in the small village of Agious Vavatsinias in the district of Larnaca, Cyprus. His family then moved to Alexandria, Egypt to search for a better life. He moved to Athens at the age of 17 intending to study pharmacology but soon gave up his studies in order to concentrate on his musical career.
He was a self-taught musician, with no formal musical arts training. His first recordings were made in but he started gaining a larger audience after By he became one of the most popular artists in Greek music. He died on 17 September in a hospital in Moscow, Soviet Union after suffering several strokes.
He was well known for his leftist political ideology and was an outspoken critic of the Greek military "Hunta". He was also an active member of the Greek Communist Party.
The year was declared "Manos Loizos Year" in Greece. His best known co-operation was with his very personal friend, lyricist Lefteris Papadopoulos who wrote the lyrics of many of Loizos' most successful hits. In , a big concert dedicated to his memory took place in the Athens Olympic Stadium, attended by more than 50, people. Manos Loizos' songs and music remain popular until today among all ages of the Greek society.
Dimos Moutsis was born on 2 August in Piraeus. He is one of the most important contemporary Greek composers. From young age he was studying violin and later studied classical music at the Conservatory of Athens. He started as a musician cooperating with major composers such as Manos Hadjidakis. During his career apart from songs he has written music for several theaters and films. He wrote a long series of popular songs, 32 the number plus two discs "One Summer" and "A Smile" with the participation of very well known and emerging singers Mitsias-Galani.
In where the "Holy February" with "Mitropanos- Salpea", a very important work, throughout the first period, opening even with this project, as it turned out afterwards, new roads in later Greek discography. Two more disks with folk songs, the "Settlement A" on the "Speed" and in , another important LP the "Testimonials" with several great songs. In attempts to "Tetralogy" with emerging Alcestis Cantor, a quite difficult task, deciding to confront brutal texts of Greek poetry Cavafy, Seferis, Karyotakis Rizzo.
Here, is very interesting to hear this work and the orchestral version. If we removed the voices say, you might as well take a different dimension. Nothing before and after in the field of poetry set to music does not resemble him. In by the Workers 'Agreement', music from the play by George Skourti "Strike", and in the "Itinerary" and the orchestration of surprises "Labour Agreement".
In he released the 'Dam' with Tripoli. An ideological, music and aesthetic proposal, at all levels had to propose something fresh and new, and it succeeded. Stavros Xarchakos was born March 14, in Athens and his family origins are from Mani. He studied at the Athens Conservatoire and emerged in the Greek music scene around , composing music for the theatre and cinema.
Among his collaborators was lyricist from Lefteris Papadopoulos. While mainly composed in the style of Greek Popular music "Laika", he also composed in the classical music genre. His musical output comprises 42 albums, 21 film scores and music for 15 TV productions. He served as director of the National Orchestra of Greek Music.
Later involved in politics and was elected Member of the Greek Parliament twice, before becoming a Member of the European Parliament from to Yannis Markopoulos was born in in Heraklion, Crete and spent his childhood in the seaside town of Ierapetra. In he moved to Athens to further his music studies at the Athens Conservatoire under the composer George Sklavos and the violin teacher Joseph Bustidui, while studying philosophy and sociology at the Panteion University.
As a student he composed music for the theatre, cinema and for dance performances. In a military dictatorship was imposed in Greece. Markopoulos left for London, where he enriched his knowledge under the English composer Elizabeth Lutyens, while his acquaintance with the composers Jani Christou and Yannis Xenakis played an important role in the deepening of his contact with the most pioneering musical figures.
In London he composed the secular cantata "Ilios o Protos" Sun the First on the poetry of Odysseas Elytis Nobel Price and completed the musical ceremony "Idou o Nymphios", a work the composer still wishes to keep unreleased with the exception of one part, the song Zavara-Katra-Nemia, a vocal composition of Dionysian character that was released in and became one of his best known pieces. In he returned to Athens with a musical vision that would not only change the course of music in Greece but would also lend immediate moral support to the general demand for restoration of democracy, the struggle being led primarily by university students and intellectuals.
He founded a new and highly distinctive musical ensemble which included Greek local instruments. The piano was combined with the lyre for the first time, while he also added instruments of his own invention, particularly among the percussion with the intention of enriching the variety of sounds. He then selected young musicians, singers, actors, from both the city and the provinces and collaborating with painters and poets he presented a series of performances with his musical works "Ilios o Protos" Sun the First , "Chroniko" Chronicle , "Ithagenia" Nativeland , "Thitia" Lifetime , "Stratis Thalassinos" Among the "Agapanthi" poetry by Giorgos Seferis, Nobel Prize , "Oropedio" Mountain Plain at the Lydra venue which he named music-studio.
His most supporters were indeed the students and intellectuals who filled the music-studio daily, despite the constant interventions of the regime that would constantly attempt to shut it down. The musical theme was a hit in Britain and gained the composer international renown.
In he married the singer Vassiliki Lavina, his long-time associate, and in their daughter Eleni was born. In he founded the Palintonos Armonia Orchestra the name deriving from Heraclitus with which he would give concerts in Greece and abroad.
Later on, when he died in , more than thousand people went to his funerals, most of them holding baglamas and bouzoukis in the streets of the city.
One of them was Manolis Hiotis, who made a rather impressive addition to bouzouki: he added a 4th course of strings to the instrument, making a huge change to its sound and tuning to CFAD. This was a more modern arrangement that allowed bouzouki to produce a different, more appealing sound, giving the composers the chance to compose in a more flexible and diverse way as well.
The bouzouki has been persecuted by the authorities in the past century and part of this century as they had associated it to the criminal society of Greece, unfairly and wrongly. By this statement we mean that even though everyone may have the ability with proper training, to make music with a bouzouki, few of us posses the ability to be able to perform with it and to relay through the instrument our most inner feelings, thoughts, and emotions, which change from moment to moment.
A good bouzouki player must be able to produce clean notes at a higher speed than other stringed instruments.
It takes years of studying and countless hours of constant practicing on a daily basis. Once a player commits to playing the instrument he may not be able to slack off and ignore daily practice time, as this will result in a decline in his dexterity and agility. The 3-chords trichordo bouzouki, has three pairs of strings, each pair tuned the same. In the olden days, the bouzouki was tuned to accompany the different modes styles of songs being played. The bouzouki is played with a pick, but in the past it was played with a feather or a piece of wood carved from a cherry tree.
This helps to create the distinctive sound of bouzouki music. The three strings limited the musician to playing the rebetika songs only.
The four strings gave a new dimension to the capabilities of the instrument. The chords played on the bouzouki are the same as a guitar. A distinct characteristic of the bouzouki is the taxim. This music instrument has been combined with the history of the Balkan Peninsula, and particularly Greece, for many years and is part of its traditional music.
Accidental fact? From the need of Athenians to let themselves go, nibble, drink and dance while listening to their favorite music live from their favorite artists. This is how the most famous and distinctive Greek music instrument actually gave its name to the most common and popular way of going out at night to have fun with friends.
However, since Greeks tend to combine music with all aspects of their life, you can hear people going to bouzoukia to forget — even temporarily- the loss of a big love, a divorce, anything related to love and personal feelings.